Soutenance de thèse
Search for genes involved in the sexual development of the fungus Podospora anserina.
vendredi 8 juin 2012 - 14:00-18:00
Jinane AIT BENKHALI
Lieu : Salle de Conférence Pierre Schaeffer - Bâtiment 409
The filamentous fungus, Podospora anserina, has two mating-type idiomorphs, mat+ and mat-. The mat+ sequence contains one gene FPR1, while mat- contains three genes : FMR1, SMR1 and SMR2. The molecular function of SMR1 is unknown, FPR1, FMR1 and SMR2 encode transcriptional regulators which control the fertilization (intercellular recognition) and the transition from a syncytium to a specialized dikaryotic hypha which contains one mat+ and one mat- nucleus (internuclear recognition). No exhaustive analysis is available for the genes involved in the intercellular recognition, while the mechanism of the internuclear recognition is unknown. In order to understand the mechanism of these events and to identify the target genes of mating-type transcription factors, we used a microarray approach. The transcriptomic profiles of the mat+ and mat- strains that are competent for fertilization revealed 157 differentially transcribed genes, and transcriptomic analysis of fmr1- and fpr1- mutant strains was used to determine the regulatory actions exerted by FMR1 and FPR1 on these differentially transcribed genes. All possible combinations of transcription repression and/or activation by FMR1 and/or FPR1 were observed. Furthermore, 10 additional mating-type target genes were identified that were up- or down-regulated to the same level in mat+ and mat- strains. Of the 167 genes identified, 32 genes were selected for deletion, which resulted in the identification of two genes essential for the sexual cycle. A comparison with similar data set from the two ascomycetes, Gibberella moniliformis and Sordaria macrospora, reveals significant numbers of orthologous pairs, although transcriptional profiles were not conserved between species, questioning the function of these target genes. Internuclear recognition was investigated by the transcriptomic analysis of perithecia from two crosses expressing mat+ and mat- genes, respectively. The tow internuclear recognition models : nuclear identity and random segregation, were used to interpret our results. According to the former model, 27 target genes have been identified, while 154 target genes were identified with the latter model. A total of 46 mutant strains were constructed. However, these strains showed no defects in sexual development. Besides this microarray experiences, we have invalidated all HMG-box genes of P. anserina. The results show that the HMG-box genes have a very important role in sexual development, especially Pa_1_13940 which encodes the first identified regulator of Pezizomycotinan mating-type genes.
Directeur de Thèse : Robert DEBUCHY